Groups of criminal offences

One of the most important issues in criminal proceedings is the legal qualification of the criminal offence. Criminal offences are real events that have a certain legal meaning. To legally qualify a criminal offence means to determine which relevant provisions of criminal law will apply to the conduct of the perpetrator of a criminal offence. This can sometimes be very dubious because in some situations the application of several legal provisions may be considered.

Criminal offences are legally qualified by state bodies investigating the circumstances of the commission of a criminal offence. At the very beginning of the procedure, this is done by the police. When the main role in the proceedings is taken over by a state attorney, they can accept the legal qualification provided by the police, but they can also opt for a different legal qualification. The legal qualification of a crime may also change over time, in accordance with the information about the circumstances of the commission of the crime discovered by the police and the State Attorney's Office. In order to avoid difficulties with the legal qualification of a criminal offence, it is necessary that the victim, if reporting the crime, states exhaustively and accurately all the circumstances of the offence, including those that seem irrelevant to the victim at that point.

You can find legal descriptions of some typical criminal offences here, which are classified according to which legal goods are protected by prescribing these criminal offenses and punishing their perpetrators (life and limb of a person, their sexual freedom, etc.).